Large amounts of goods are subject to mandatory certification in Europe and in the Customs Union. The main purpose of certification is to verify products for conformity to the state safety and quality standards. Certificates are issued to confirm the successful completion of the inspection. The process of obtaining a certificate consists of several stages.
Certification in Europe and in the CU
The verification process is regulated by the legislative acts of each country. In Russia and CU, they are technical and government regulations, laws, decisions and in the EU European directives and other legislative acts represent them.
Regardlessof the type ofcertification, the process goes through the following stages:
- Application stating the need for product certification.
- Identification of the product as an object that falls within the scope of the standards system selected by the applicant.
- Collection of evidence for conformity and its expertise.
- Product testing in special labs.
- Conclusion on the state ofthe product and whether it can be launched onto the market.
- Issuance and registration of the document by certification authority specialists.
- Reception of the certificate by the applicant, subsequent product marking.
- Organization of product monitoring during the term of validity of the certificate.
In some cases, the manufacturing process and the business quality management system may be verified. The exact certification scheme depends on the standards system and the selected verification scheme. The experts of the certification authority select it after the application has been processed. The scheme is not used without the consent of the applicant.
In order to obtain the certificate, the company needs to collect and submit specific documents to the certification authority. Thanks to these documents, the experts will be able to draw a conclusion about the legitimacy of the business and of the product launch onto the market, the production status, the regulatory and methodological base adopted by the company, etc. The documentation required for certificate registration may include registration, incorporation, technical, shipping documents previously issued to the applicant or quality certificates provided by suppliers of raw materials and, etc.
The regulatory framework
Certification in Russia is controlled by the Federal Law «On Technical Regulations» — № 184 (December 27, 2002) and technical regulations.
Furthermore, the GOST standard system comprises an important piece of legislation — the Government Decree № 982 (December 1, 2009). It presents the types of products for which the manufacturer (distributor) is required to obtain a certificate.
The issuance of documents of compliance to the standards accepted in the Russian Federation, certification authorities that have proven their professional integrity and have the right to conduct verifications of conformity could carry out the Customs Union in Russia and the EU. They are certified in accordance with the Government Decree № 602 (June 19, 2012).